ASIA-PACIFIC

Of the 57 independent countries in the Asia-Pacific region that are UN member or observer states:

  • 23 (40%) maintain the death penalty in both law and practice.
  • 20 (35%) have abolished it.
  • 2 (4%) retain it for crimes committed in exceptional circumstances (such as in time of war).
  • 12 (21%) permit its use for ordinary crimes, but have not used it for at least 10 years and are believed to have a policy or established practice of not carrying out executions, or it is under a moratorium.
  • The information above is accurate as of 2015, when Fiji abolished the death penalty.

Of the 2 Asian limited recognition states not included in the above numbers – both Taiwan and the Palestinian Authority maintain the death penalty in law and practice.

The information above is accurate as of 2012 when Mongolia announced the abolition of capital punishment.

  • In 2011 Asia had the worlds four leading practitioners of capital punishment – China, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Iraq. China continues to execute more people than the rest of the world put together.
  • Executions in 2014: China (1000+), North Korea (+), Iran (289+), Iraq (61+), Saudi Arabia (90+), Yemen (23+), Jordan (11), Afghanistan (6), Vietnam (3+), Japan (3), Palestine (26+), Malaysia (2+), Singapore (2), UAE (1)

Executions in Asia in 2010: China (2000+), Iran (252+), North Korea (60+), Yemen (53+), Saudi Arabia (27+), Syria (17+), Bangladesh (9+), Palestinian Authority (5), Taiwan (ROC) (4), Japan (2), Iraq (1+), Singapore (1+), Malaysia (1+), Vietnam (5+), Bahrain (1).

Executions in Asia in 2011: China (2000+), Iran (360+), Saudi Arabia (82+), Iraq (68+), Yemen (41+), North Korea (30+), Bangladesh (5+), Vietnam (5+) Palestinian Authority (5), Taiwan (ROC) (5), Afghanistan (2), Malaysia (1+), Syria (1+), UAE (1).

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