Death penalty for murder

Chad executes 10 Boko Haram members 1 day after verdict

Chad executed by firing squad 10 members of Boko Haram on Saturday, the security minister said, marking the 1st use of the death penalty since the country bolstered its anti-terror measures last month.
The 10 men were sentenced to death on Friday after being convicted of crimes including murder and the use of explosives.
They were killed at around 11 a.m., Ahmat Mahamat Bachir, the security minister, said Saturday.
Those killed included Bahna Fanaye, alias Mahamat Moustapha, who Chadian officials have described as a leader of the Nigeria-based group.
Chad has vowed to take a leading role in a regional force to fight Boko Haram that is also expected to include soldiers from Cameroon, Benin and Niger in addition to Nigeria. Boko Haram has targeted Nigeria’s neighbors in regular attacks this year.
In June and July Chad’s capital, N’Djamena, was rocked by a series of suicide attacks that killed dozens of people – the 1st such attacks since Boko Haram threatened the country earlier this year.
In 1 attack, suicide bombers on motorcycles targeted 2 buildings in the capital. In another, a man disguised as a woman wearing a burqa detonated a bomb outside the city’s main market.
Last September, Chad drew praise from rights groups for a draft penal code that abolished capital punishment.
The International Federation for Human Rights said at the time that the country had observed a moratorium on the death penalty since 1991 with the exception of 9 executions that took place in November 2003. But anti-terror measures approved by lawmakers last month in response to the recent attacks brought the death penalty back.
Source: Associated Press, August 30, 2015



Chad reintroduces death penalty

Chad has beefed up its security in recent weeks after a spate of deadly attacks by Boko Haram.
Amid several suicide bombings in the past few months, Chad reintroduced the death penalty for acts of terrorism.
The Chadian parliament voted unanimously on Thursday to reauthorize the death penalty, 6 months after its abolition, the BBC reported.
On June 17, the country banned people from wearing burqas, or full-face veil, 2 days after 2 suicide bombers killed more than 30 people.
Despite the ban, on July 11 a Boko Haram suicide bomber man dressed in a woman’s burqa blew himself up in the capital’s main market, killing 15 people. Now Chad has aimed at arresting anyone who wears a burqa.
The country also opened a 2-week campaign against Boko Haram, during which the government says its forces killed 117 insurgents, Reuters reported.
Chad is the second country that has decided in the past few months to attempt to deter terrorism by resuming the death penalty.
Last March, Pakistan also lifted its moratorium on the death penalty in terror cases. On July 29, the United Nations urged Pakistan to halt executions.
The UN says the death penalty is an extreme form of punishment that, if used at all, should only be imposed for the most serious crimes, “after a fair trial that respects the most stringent due process guarantees as stipulated in international human rights law.”
In December 2014, the Guardian analyzed Amnesty International data and concluded that at least 1,722 people were sentenced to death in 58 countries in 2012, which showed a decrease from 2011 with 1,923 executions in 63 countries worldwide.
The Guardian reported in 2013 at least 778 executions were carried out in 22 countries. In 2014, Amnesty International said the number of recorded death sentences has jumped by almost 500, compared to 2013.
Last year, China had the highest rate of the executions. Amnesty believes thousands were executed.
The other countries topping the list were Iran, with 289 officially and at least 454 unannounced executions; Saudi Arabia, with at least 90 executions; Iraq, with at least 61 executions; and the US, with 35 executions. The United States is the only G7 country that still executes people.
According to The Washington Post, Amnesty International data shows that in 2014 the number of death sentences handed down experienced a dramatic increase but there was a drop in the number of executions carried out.
Source: Christian Science Monitor, July 31, 2015